Benita (McGinnis) McCormick
(1889 – 1984)
|Alphonse Mucha at the School of the Art
Institute of Chicago, circa 1907 – 1909.
Photograph from Benita (McGinnis)
ne of the photographs in my grand aunt Detty’s
(Benita) scrapbook of memories was of her professor, Alphonse Mucha
, whom she regarded highly and considered an early influence on her work. Mucha, a Czech artist, was world renowned for his contributions to the French school of the Art Nouveau
After Mucha moved from his native Moravia to Paris, the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt
asked him to create a poster of her to promote an 1895 play in which she was starring.Titled Gismonda
for her character and the name of the production, the poster
attracted critical acclaim for its seminal and unconventional style. Mucha went on to create many more posters and paintings, illustrations, and commercial art in what became known as the Mucha style.
Mucha’s portrait of
In the public domain.
In 1906, the School of the Art Institute of Chicago invited Mucha to teach an advanced class as a guest professor. Aunt Detty, then 17, was one of his students. A year later, while studying under the famous professor, she produced the sketch below. It appears to have been either a Christmas poster or cover. The writing in the border at the bottom notes that it was a “Design for the no. (sic) Corpus Christi Record.”
I have not been able to find a publication by that name, nor can I determine that such a periodical existed. Maybe Aunt Detty wrote the caption at the bottom of the illustration at the time she drew it or years later, when the name of the periodical could have been blurred by memory. I do think, though, that this was a preliminary sketch and that there may have been a color version of it somewhere.
Benita McGinnis’ Art Nouveau sketch, in le style Mucha, boasts a decorative halo-like border that was a hallmark of many Mucha posters. Three cherubic angels, illuminated by the Star of Bethlehem, burst through the halo as they blow their horns, heralding the arrival of the Savior as the subtly drawn Magi journey to Bethlehem in the lower quarter of the picture. The caption “CHRISTMAS,” set in its own simple border, ties the two scenes together in a vignette that is solemn yet celebratory. The sketch is signed in the lower right hand corner by B.E. McGinnis and dated 1907.
Alphonse Mucha and his family returned to Europe in 1910. Fiercely proud of his Slavic heritage, he spent the rest of his life working on his masterwork project of 20 paintings, each 20 feet high, called The Slav Epic, about the history of the Slav and Czech peoples.
In 1939 during the German invasion of Prague, the Gestapo arrested Mucha. He became ill during his interrogation and was released, dying of pneumonia on July 14, 1939.
Aunt Detty treasured the above photograph of her beloved teacher and kept it in her scrapbook along with her Christmas design and other memories of her years at the Art Institute. “Mucha, our French artist love of the year. Famous all over the world. His paintings now bring thousands. (Taught) us the rule of 3 to 5.”
For a more on Alphonse Mucha, click here to view Part One of a documentary on his life.
Copyright © 2013 Linda Huesca Tully